Differences Between Bacteremia and Septicemia

Bacteremia is the simple presence of bacteria in the blood while Septicemia is the presence and multiplication of bacteria in the blood. Septicemia is also known as blood poisoning.

S.N.

Bacteremia

Septicemia

1.

Bacteremia is the simple presence of bacteria in the blood. Septicemia is the presence and multiplication of bacteria in the blood.

2.

Bacteremia is not as dangerous as Septicemia. Septicemia is a potentially life-threatening infection.

3.

Less amount of bacteria are present in blood. Large amounts of bacteria are present in the blood.

4.

This may occur through a wound or infection, or through a surgical procedure or injection. It can arise from infections throughout the body, including infections in the lungs, abdomen, and urinary tract.

5.

Toxins are not produced. Toxins may be produced by bacteria.

6.

Bacteremia usually causes no symptoms or it may produce mild fever. It shows symptoms like chills, fever, prostration, very fast respiration and/or heart rate.

7.

It can resolve without treatment. Untreated septicemia can quickly progress to sepsis.

8.

Rapidly removed from the bloodstream by the immune system. Antibiotics will be used to treat the bacterial infection that is causing septicemia.

9.

Caused by Staphylococcus, Streptococcus, Pseudomonas, Haemophilus, E. coli, dental procedures, herpes (including herpetic whitlow), urinary tract infections, peritonitis, Clostridium difficile colitis, intravenous drug use, and colorectal cancer. Staphylococci, are thought to cause more than 50% of cases of sepsis. Other commonly implicated bacteria include Streptococcus pyogenes, Escherichia coli, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Klebsiella species and even Candida spp.

2 thoughts on “Differences Between Bacteremia and Septicemia”

  1. It would have been nice if you have described the concentration of bacteria per unit of blood for bacteremia and septicemia.

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